What is Problem Statement? How to Write for your Dissertation?

Writing a dissertation is an important step in any educational journey. It indicates the completion of the study and a shift from being a student who consumes knowledge to a producer of knowledge in the field of study. Writing a dissertation includes a major component which is a problem statement. It outlines the aim and scope of the research which is important to the dissertation journey. In this detailed guide, the dissertation help writer will go deep into the details of what a problem statement is as well as provide a method to effectively write and cope with the challenges of dissertation writing.


What is a Problem Statement?

A problem statement is a brief and clear description of a topic that a researcher is going to address in the research paper. It is the basic foundation of any research project because it gives the research direction and purpose. The problem statement aims to explain the specific problem or knowledge gap that the research wants to examine, analyze, and solve.


The problem statement usually comes into the thesis statement. A problem statement should also be clear, unambiguous, and specific. It must highlight the importance of the identified problem, describing why it is worthy of research and how the solution or explanation could contribute to the area of information currently in existence.


In a nutshell, a problem statement is the core of research, working as a plan of action for the investigation and structuring of the research topic. Whether in science, education, business, or any other profession, a well-defined problem statement is important for researchers to deal with the complexities of their chosen issue and make significant contributions to the knowledge and growth of their discipline.


Understanding the Importance of Problem Statement


Determining the Research Environment 

the problem statement goes beyond the immediate research area. It includes understanding how the particular issue relates to the larger research environment. Researchers must understand how their work impacts the current field of research and how it increases knowledge or gives new perspectives. This knowledge helps in putting the research within the research environment.


Importance of Stakeholders

A clearly stated problem statement conveys the importance of the research to multiple stakeholders, such as practitioners, academics, and policymakers. Communicating the value of a study to a wide range of people guarantees that the findings will be understood, regardless of whether they are important for solving a practical problem, developing theoretical knowledge, or navigating decision-making.


Motivating the Researcher

Understanding the importance of the problem is an important source of inspiration for the researcher. If the researchers know what will be the consequences in real-world or theoretical studies their study causes will provide researchers with a chance to understand more about the purpose and motivation of their work. This is very important for keeping the dedication for the study.


Guide To Write A Problem Statement


Identify The Problem

The first step in writing any good problem statement is to find out the specific problem or gap in the previous study that you want to explore. This could be any concern that was answered properly, any important issue that needs to be resolved immediately, or any informational gap that your study aims to cover. The perfect way is to consider your topic of study, study relevant literature, and point out a problem that you would like to resolve. 


Conduct a Literature Review

It is a must to add a thorough literature review before completing the problem statement. “A literature review is the important part of any research task (Sutton, 2016)”. This step shows that the selected problem hasn’t previously been thoroughly explored, which allows you to put your research within the framework of current knowledge. A literature review provides you about what is known and unknown in your chosen field, which allows you to find gaps in knowledge that your study can address. This step is critical for eliminating redundancy and proving your work’s originality. It is used to strengthen any thesis or dissertation by investigating the research question.


Be Concise And Clear

When formulating a problem statement, clarity is very important. Aim for short and clear communication as well as avoid irrelevant jargon and complicated vocabulary. The goal is for your problem statement to be understandable by both experts and non-experts in the topic. Use simple language but maintain the precision and detail that is necessary to express the main point of the research problem.


Focus on Specificity

Research can get distracted due to a problem definition that is too general or ambiguous. It is critical to define the problem precisely. Describe the problem’s context, conditions, and limits. The more explicit your problem explanation, the more simple it is to plan and carry out targeted research. Moreover, specificity helps in the development of logical study questions and hypotheses.


Highlight the Importance

Explain why the highlighted problem is important. Describe the possible effects of resolving this issue or writing in this knowledge gap. Your problem statement’s importance is what explains the requirements for your study. Consider the broader consequences of your research and how it will help to progress your field. This is your chance to demonstrate the relevance and significance of your study to the academia and beyond.


Consider the Possibility

Your research problem should be important, but it should also be manageable given the time and resource limits you have. Consider the research’s practical aspects. Examine data availability, participant access, and methodology suitability. Your study will be handled and realistically carried out if your problem description is useful.

Develop a Research Question

Create a research question from your identified problem. The study question needs to be clear, precise, and able to be addressed by your findings. As you construct your theories and approaches, it acts as a source of guidance for your research. The research topic must have the fundamental issue you want to investigate, allowing for a focused and meaningful study approach.


Align with Objectives

Writing a problem statement for research should match your research objectives. The problem statement and study objectives should be the same to have a single narrative. Each objective should be made to fix the specific problem that you aim to solve. This alignment shows that the study is legitimate and meaningful which eventually maximizes the value and impact of the study in the relevant field.


Revise And Edit

Writing any piece of work goes through many revisions. Prepare yourself because the research requires lots of revision. So be open to amending and editing your problem statement according to the feedback and useful insights that you get during the writing process. You can improve the quality of your research work to the new height by persistently revising your points to increase their precision and clarity.


Examples of Problem

The following is the simple problem statement template in the subject of environmental science that includes the usage of the above-mentioned tips:


Problem Statement

Although many campaigns are going on to promote awareness of the environment still urban areas face the issue of sustainable garbage management. Existing waste management methods are causing environmental degradation which is eventually affecting public health and the stability of ecosystems.


Research Question

What changes should be made to urban waste management methods to protect public health, and environmental stability, and encourage sustainability in society?



This problem statement directs the importance of the serious environmental issue by explaining its significant impact on human health. This research aims to `add a valuable contribution to the sustainability of the urban areas and environmental protection. This research will suggest ways to improve waste management methods.



A crucial step in the dissertation writing process is developing an engaging problem statement. It directs your focus and shapes the scope of your research. Whether your research goes into environmental science or other academic disciplines, the ideas provided in this post can be used to build a compelling and relevant problem statement for your specific study. Hopefully, the above problem statement template will help you to draft your compelling piece. Best wishes on your dissertation adventure.


Frequently Asked Questions


How do I write a statement of the problem?

Writing a problem statement includes clearly stating the issue or knowledge gap, doing a thorough literature study, and explaining the relevance of the situation. Be clear and specific, and make sure your problem statement aligns with your research’s objectives.


What are the six components of a problem statement?

A problem statement has six components: the problem definition, context, scope and limitations, importance, objectives, and research questions or hypotheses. Each component improves the problem statement’s overall clarity and effectiveness.


Is a problem statement 1 sentence?

Although a problem statement can be summarized in a single sentence,  it usually consists of several sentences to effectively communicate the details and complexity of the identified issue. The aim is to state the research problem with clarity, conciseness, and precision.


What is the statement format?

The statement format often contains a succinct and clear explanation of the problem, its relevance, and the framework in which it exists. It includes background information, the study’s scope and limitations, and the research objectives. The format guarantees that the problem statement works as a thorough and well-structured base for the research work.

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